AI Policy – Finland

The following description of AI policy in Finland provides a snapshot summary of some previous and ongoing initiatives throughout the country. It is regularly updated as feasible, but it is not intended to be comprehensive. 

As of February 2020, there is also extensive information, data, and graphics about AI policy in Finland available at the OECD AI Policy Observatory.

Finland has an Artificial Intelligence Programme guided by a steering group that was appointed by Minister of Economic Affairs Mika Lintilä in May 2017. The steering group is under the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment, and is led by Pekka Ala-Pietilä, CEO and co-founder of Blyk and former President of Nokia.

The group published their first report in December 2017 titled, “Finland’s Age of Artificial Intelligence: Turning Finland into a leading country in the application of artificial intelligence.” This 76-page report gives eight proposals through which Finland can successfully adopt and benefit from AI:

  1. Enhancement of business competitiveness through the use of AI
    2. Effective utilization of data in all sectors
    3. Ensure AI can be adopted more quickly and easily
    4. Ensure top-level expertise and attract top experts
    5. Make bold decisions and investments
    6. Build the world’s best public services
    7. Establish new models for collaboration
    8. Make Finland a front runner in the age of AI

The report also lays out a vision for Finland in the age of AI:

In another five years time, artificial intelligence will be an active part of every Finn’s daily life. Finland will make use of artificial intelligence boldly in all areas of society – from health care to the manufacturing industry – ethically and openly. Finland will be a safe and democratic society that produces the world’s best services in the age of artificial intelligence. Finland will be a good place for citizens to live and a rewarding place for companies to develop and grow. Artificial intelligence will reform work as well as create wellbeing through growth and productivity.

The Steering Group published a second report June 2018 titled, “Artificial Intelligence: Four Perspectives on the Economy, Employment, Knowledge and Ethics.” The report provides 28 policy recommendations related to the effects of AI on economics and employment, the labor market, education and skills management, and ethics.

In a presentation given at the OECD conference, “AI: Intelligent Machines, Smart Policies” held in Paris in October 2017, more of the Finnish AI strategy is described. One of the initial parts of this strategy is to use AI to undertake healthcare reform.


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