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Evaluation of Deepfakes Proposals in Congress

How do the leading US legislative proposals on the issue of deepfakes compare?
May 31, 2024
Policy team


Over the last year as advancements in AI systems have accelerated, there has been a dramatic increase in the production and proliferation of deepfakes on the internet. Deepfakes in this context may be defined as pictures, videos, and audio that depict a person without their consent, usually for the purpose of harming that person or misleading those who are exposed to the material. Prominent recent examples include pornographic deepfake material targeting Taylor Swift and fake robocalls purporting to be from President Biden targeting voters in New Hampshire. Such synthetic content poses a fundamental threat to democracy and elections, makes Americans vulnerable to increasingly intricate fraudulent schemes, and enables non-consensual pornography.

In order to combat these threats and restrict the production and proliferation of deepfakes, Members of Congress have introduced several proposals to regulate deepfakes. We offer the graphic below as an accessible and concise summary of these legislative proposals as of March 6th, 2024.

See here for our recommendations on various deepfake proposals in the US.

This content was first published at on May 31, 2024.

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