FLI July, 2016 Newsletter

Congress Subpoenas Climate Scientists  in Effort to Hamper ExxonMobil Fraud Investigation

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ExxonMobil executives may have intentionally misled the public about climate change – for decades. And the House Science Committee just hampered legal efforts to learn more about ExxonMobil’s actions by subpoenaing the nonprofit scientists who sought to find out what the fossil fuel giant knew and when.

For 40 years, tobacco companies intentionally misled consumers to believe that smoking wasn’t harmful. Now it appears that many in the fossil fuel industry may have applied similarly deceptive tactics – and for just as long – to confuse the public about the dangers of climate change.

Investigative research by nonprofit groups like InsideClimate News and the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) have turned up evidence that ExxonMobil may have known about the hazards of fossil-fuel driven climate change back in the 1970s. However, rather than informing the public or taking steps to reduce such risks, documents indicate that ExxonMobil leadership chose to cover up their findings and instead convince the public that climate science couldn’t be trusted.

As a result of these findings, the Attorneys General (AGs) from New York and Massachusetts launched a legal investigation to determine if ExxonMobile committed fraud, including subpoenaing the company for more information. That’s when the House Science, Space and Technology Committee Chairman Lamar Smith stepped in.

Chairman Smith, under powerful new House rules, unilaterally subpoenaed not just the AGs, but also many of the nonprofits involved in the ExxonMobile investigation, including groups like the UCS. Smith and other House representatives argue that they’re merely supporting ExxonMobile’s rights to free speech and to form opinions based on scientific research.

Read the full story here.

Earthquakes as Existential Risks?

Could an earthquake somehow trigger an existential or catastrophic risk? Could it release a biohazard, or launch a nuclear weapon, or break the world economy? Seth Baum, Executive Director of the Global Catastrophic Risk Institute, and FLI’s Ariel Conn tackle these ridiculous questions, MythBuster’s style. We’re looking for feedback as to whether or not this is entertaining (and educational) enough to become a regular series covering potentially catastrophic scenarios. Take a listen and let us know what you think!
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ICYMI: This Month’s Most Popular Articles

The Evolution of AI: Can Morality Be Programmed?
By Jolene Creighton

FLI is excited to announce a new partnership with Futurism.com! For our first collaboration, writers at Futurism will be interviewing various AI safety researchers with FLI and writing about their work. They began with Vincent Conitzer who’s researching how to program morality into AI.

Op-ed: Climate Change is the Most Urgent Existential Risk
By Phil Torres

Climate change and biodiversity loss may pose the most immediate and important threat to human survival given their indirect effects on other risk scenarios. These ongoing catastrophes in slow-motion will frame our existential predicament on Earth not just for the rest of this century, but for literally thousands of years to come. As such, they have the capacity to raise or lower the probability of other risks scenarios unfolding.

Op-ed: If AI Systems Can Be “Persons,” What Rights Should They Have?
By Matt Scherer

Really, I can think of only one ground rule for legal “personhood”: “personhood” in a legal sense requires, at a minimum, the right to sue and the ability to be sued. Beyond that, the meaning of “personhood” has proven to be pretty flexible.

Op-ed: The Problem With Brexit: 21st Century Challenges Require International Cooperation
By Danny Bressler

Retreating from international institutions and cooperation will handicap humanity’s ability to address our most pressing upcoming challenges. The UK’s referendum in favor of leaving the EU and the rise of nationalist ideologies in the US and Europe is worrying on multiple fronts. Nationalism may lead to a resurgence of some of the worst problems of the first half of 20th century.

Op-ed: On Robot-delivered Bombs
By Matt Scherer

As with aerial drones, a bomb disposal robot can deliver lethal force without placing the humans making the decision to kill in danger.  The absence of risk creates a danger that the technology will be overused. 

Op-ed: When NATO Countries Were U.S. Nuclear Targets
By Ariel Conn

Sixty years ago, the U.S. had over 60 nuclear weapons aimed at Poland, ready to launch. At least one of those targeted Warsaw, where, on July 8-9, allied leaders met for the biennial NATO summit meeting. Most people assume that the U.S. no longer poses a nuclear threat to its own NATO allies, but that assumption may be wrong.

Note From FLI:

The FLI website is including an increasing number of op-eds. Among our objectives for the website is to inspire discussion and a sharing of ideas, and as such, we’re posting opinion pieces that we believe will help spur discussion within our community. However, these op-eds do not necessarily represent FLI’s opinions or views. 

We’re also looking for more writing volunteers. If you’re interested in writing either news or opinion articles for us, please let us know.