Entries by Ariel Conn

杀人机器人: 世界顶级AI和机器人公司敦促联合国禁止致命杀人武器

Click here to see this page in other languages: English  一封公开信:人工智能和机器人界的企业领袖们在世界最大的人工智能大会上, 针对联合国机器人军备竞赛的讨论被推延到年底发表公开信。来自26个国家,116位机器人和人工智能公司的创始人签署了这封公开信,敦促联合国紧急磋商致命自动武器的危机,并在国际范围内禁止其使用。2016年12月,123个成员国已在联合国常规武器大会的总结会议上一致同意了开展对自动武器的正式讨论。其中19个国家已呼吁全面禁止。 这封信的主要组织者Toby Walsh教授在墨尔本的2017国际联合人工智能大会的开幕上发布了此信 。这个会议是全球顶级人工智能和机器人专家聚集的场所,Walsh教授是IJCAI2017 大会组委会成员之一。 这封公开信是AI和机器人公司第一次站在一起。之前仅有一家公司,加拿大的 Clearpath Robotics,正式呼吁对自动武器的禁止。 信中说:“致命自动武器有成为第三次武器革命的危险” ,“一旦开发成功,它们将使冲突的规模庞大到从未有过,而且会达到人类难以适应的速度” ,“它们将成为恐怖的武器,将成为暴君和恐怖分子残害无辜民众的武器,或者被黑客挟持的武器。我们的时间并不多。一旦潘多拉的盒子被打开,就很难被关上”。这封信紧急呼吁联合国磋商以寻求使所有人免于这种危险的武器。这封2017年公开信的签署者包括: Elon Musk, Tesla,SpaceX and OpenAI创始人 (美国) Mustafa Suleyman, 谷歌DeepMind 和应用AI部创始人及负责人(英国) Esben Østergaard, 环球机器人创始人和 CTO (丹麦) Jerome Monceaux, Aldebaran机器人创始人, Nao和Pepper机器人的制造者(法国) Jü​rgen Schmidhuber, 领先的深入学习专家和Nnaisense的创始人(瑞士) Yoshua Bengio, 领先的深入学习专家和Element AI的创始人(加拿大) 他们的公司雇用成千上万的研究人员,机器人和工程师,总价高达数十亿美元,覆盖全球从北到南,东到西:澳大利亚,加拿大,中国,捷克共和国,丹麦,爱沙尼亚,芬兰,法国,德国, 冰岛,印度,爱尔兰,意大利,日本,墨西哥,荷兰,挪威,波兰,俄罗斯,新加坡,南非,西班牙,瑞士,英国,阿拉伯联合酋长国和美国。 Walsh教授是2017年公开信的组织者之一。他也组织了2015年在布宜诺斯艾利斯的IJCAI大会上发表对自动武器的警告。 2015年的公开信由数千名在世界各地的大学和研究实验室工作的人工智能和机器人研究人员签署,并得到了英国物理学家史蒂芬霍金,苹果联合创始人史蒂夫·沃兹尼亚克和认知科学家诺姆·乔姆斯基等人的赞同。“几乎所有的技术都可用于善也可用于恶。人工智能也一样,它可以帮助解决当今社会面临的许多紧迫问题:不平等,贫困,气候变化和持续的全球金融危机。 然而,同样的技术也可以用于自动武器以致战争工业化。”, “我们今天要做出决定,选择我们想要的未来。 我强烈支持许多人道及其他组织呼吁联合国禁止此种武器,就像禁止化学武器和其他武器一样。“他补充说。“在两年前在同一次会议上,我们发布了一个公开信,得到了数千名AI和机器人领域的研究人员的签名,呼吁禁止自动武器。 这有助于把问题推上联合国议程,进行正式讨论。 […]

Leaders of Top Robotics and AI Companies Call for Ban on Killer Robots

Click here to see this page in other languages: Chinese   Founders of AI/robotics companies, including Elon Musk (Tesla, SpaceX, OpenAI) and Demis Hassabis and Mustafa Suleyman (Google’s DeepMind), call for autonomous weapons ban, as UN delays negotiations. Leaders from AI and robotics companies around the world have released an open letter calling on the United Nations […]

Can AI Remain Safe as Companies Race to Develop It?

Click here to see this page in other languages: Chinese   Russian  Race Avoidance Teams developing AI systems should actively cooperate to avoid corner cutting on safety standards. Artificial intelligence could bestow incredible benefits on society, from faster, more accurate medical diagnoses to more sustainable management of energy resources, and so much more. But in today’s economy, […]

Transcript: The Art of Predicting

[beginning of recorded material] Ariel: I’m Ariel Conn with the Future of Life Institute. Much of the time, when we hear about attempts to predict the future, it conjures images of fortune tellers and charlatans, but, in fact, we can fairly accurately predict that, not only will the sun come up tomorrow, but also at […]

Safe Artificial Intelligence May Start with Collaboration

Click here to see this page in other languages: Chinese     Research Culture Principle: A culture of cooperation, trust, and transparency should be fostered among researchers and developers of AI. Competition and secrecy are just part of doing business. Even in academia, researchers often keep ideas and impending discoveries to themselves until grants or publications are finalized. […]

Joshua Greene Interview

The following is an interview with Joshua Greene about the Beneficial AI 2017 conference and The Asilomar Principles that it produced. Greene is an experimental psychologist, neuroscientist, and philosopher. He studies moral judgment and decision-making, primarily using behavioral experiments and functional neuroimaging (fMRI). Other interests include religion, cooperation, and the capacity for complex thought. He is the author of […]

Susan Craw Interview

The following is an interview with Susan Craw about the Beneficial AI 2017 conference and The Asilomar Principles that it produced. Craw is a Research Professor at Robert Gordon University Aberdeen in Scotland. Her research in artificial intelligence develops innovative data/text/web mining technologies to discover knowledge to embed in case-based reasoning systems, recommender systems, and other intelligent information systems. […]

Support Grows for UN Nuclear Weapons Ban

“Do you want to be defended by the mass murder of people in other countries?” According to Princeton physicist Zia Mian, nuclear weapons are “fundamentally anti-democratic” precisely because citizens are never asked this question. Mian argues that “if you ask people this question, almost everybody would say, ‘No, I do not want you to incinerate […]

The U.S. Worldwide Threat Assessment Includes Warnings of Cyber Attacks, Nuclear Weapons, Climate Change, etc.

Last Thursday – just one day before the WannaCry ransomware attack would shut down 16 hospitals in the UK and ultimately hit hundreds of thousands of organizations and individuals in over 150 countries – the Director of National Intelligence, Daniel Coats, released the Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community. Large-scale cyber attacks are […]

GP-write and the Future of Biology

Imagine going to the airport, but instead of walking through – or waiting in – long and tedious security lines, you could walk through a hallway that looks like a terrarium. No lines or waiting. Just a lush, indoor garden. But these plants aren’t something you can find in your neighbor’s yard – their genes […]

Forget the Cold War – Experts say Nuclear Weapons Are a Bigger Risk Today

Until recently, many Americans believed that nuclear weapons don’t represent the same threat as during the Cold War. However, recent events and aggressive posturing between nuclear nations —especially the U.S., Russia, and North Korea—has increased public awareness and concern. These fears were addressed at a recent MIT conference on nuclear weapons. “The possibility of a […]

Podcast: Climate Change with Brian Toon and Kevin Trenberth

Too often, the media focus their attention on climate-change deniers, and as a result, when scientists speak with the press, it’s almost always a discussion of whether climate change is real. Unfortunately, that can make it harder for those who recognize that climate change is a legitimate threat to fully understand the science and impacts […]