自律兵器に対する公開状

2017年オーストラリアのメルボルンで開催されたIJCAI(International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence:人工知能に関する国際合同会議)での自律兵器に関する発表に対する公開状。この会議の焦点は、戦場における自律兵器の技術的、法的、また社会的な問題点です。

私たちは、自律兵器に転用可能な人工知能やロボット工学の技術を構築する企業として、この警告を発する責任があると感じています。

私たちは、致死性の自律兵器システムに関する、政府専門家グループ(GGE:Group of Governmental Experts)を設立するための国連の特定従来兵器(CCW:Certain Conventional Weapons)に関する条約会議の決定を温かく歓迎します。私たちの研究者や技術者の多くは、あなたの審議に技術的アドバイスを提供したいと考えています。

私たちはインドのアマンデップ・シン・ギル大使のGGE議長任命を称賛いたします。私たちは、これらの兵器の軍拡競争の防止、民間人による誤用の防止、これらの技術による社会の不安定化への対策について、GGEの締約国が全力を尽くすことを歎願します。

本日開始されたGGEの最初の会議は、一部の国が国連への資金拠出を怠ったために中止されました。私たちは、11月に予定されているGGEの第1回会合で、締約国が努力を倍増させることを強く求めます。

致死性自律的兵器は、戦争に第三の革命をもたらします。一度開発されてしまえば、武力による紛争はこれまで以上の規模で、人間の理解を超えた速度で行うことが可能になります。これらの兵器は、恐怖の兵器になりえます。テロリストなどの武装勢力が無防備な一般市民に使用する可能性や、ハッキングによる望ましくない結末も起こりえます。時間はあまり残されていません。パンドラの箱は、一度開けてしまったら、もう二度と閉じることはできないのです

これらの理由から、わたしたちは、これらの機器から人類を守るすべを見つけるために、締結国に忠誠を従います。

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FULL LIST OF SIGNATORIES TO THE OPEN LETTER

Tiberio Caetano, founder & Chief Scientist at Ambiata, Australia.

Mark Chatterton and Leo Gui, founders, MD & of Ingenious AI, Australia.

Charles Gretton, founder of Hivery, Australia.

Brad Lorge, founder & CEO of Premonition.io, Australia

Brenton O’Brien, founder & CEO of Microbric, Australia.

Samir Sinha, founder & CEO of Robonomics AI, Australia.

Ivan Storr, founder & CEO, Blue Ocean Robotics, Australia.

Peter Turner, founder & MD of Tribotix, Australia.

Yoshua Bengio, founder of Element AI & Montreal Institute for Learning Algorithms, Canada.

Ryan Gariepy, founder & CTO, Clearpath Robotics, found & CTO of OTTO Motors, Canada.

Geoffey Hinton, founder of DNNResearch Inc, Canada.

James Chow, founder & CEO of UBTECH Robotics, China.

Robert Li, founder & CEO of Sankobot, China.

Marek Rosa, founder & CEO of GoodAI, Czech Republic.

Søren Tranberg Hansen, founder & CEO of Brainbotics, Denmark.

Markus Järve, founder & CEO of Krakul, Estonia.

Harri Valpola, founder & CTO of ZenRobotics, founder & CEO of Curious AI Company, Finland.

Esben Østergaard, founder & CTO of Universal Robotics, Denmark.

Raul Bravo, founder & CEO of DIBOTICS, France.

Ivan Burdun, founder & President of AIXTREE, France.

Raphael Cherrier, founder & CEO of Qucit, France.

Alain Garnier, founder & CEO of ARISEM (acquired by Thales), founder & CEO of Jamespot, France.

Jerome Monceaux, founder & CEO of Spoon.ai, founder & CCO of Aldebaran Robotics, France.

Charles Ollion, founder & Head of Research at Heuritech, France.

Anis Sahbani, founder & CEO of Enova Robotics, France.

Alexandre Vallette, founder of SNIPS & Ants Open Innovation Labs, France.

Marcus Frei, founder & CEO of NEXT.robotics, Germany.

Kirstinn Thorisson, founder & Director of Icelandic Institute for Intelligence Machines, Iceland.

Fahad Azad, founder of Robosoft Systems, India.

Debashis Das, Ashish Tupate & Jerwin Prabu, founders (incl. CEO) of Bharati Robotics, India.

Pulkit Gaur, founder & CTO of Gridbots Technologies, India.

Pranay Kishore, founder & CEO of Phi Robotics Research, India.

Shahid Memom, founder & CTO of Vanora Robots, India.

Krishnan Nambiar & Shahid Memon, founders, CEO & CTO of Vanora Robotics, India.

Achu Wilson, founder & CTO of Sastra Robotics, India.

Neill Gernon, founder & MD of Atrovate, founder of Dublin.AI, Ireland.

Parsa Ghaffari, founder & CEO of Aylien, Ireland.

Alan Holland, founder & CEO of Keelvar Systems, Ireland.

Alessandro Prest, founder & CTO of LogoGrab, Ireland.

Frank Reeves, founder & CEO of Avvio, Ireland.

Alessio Bonfietti, founder & CEO of MindIT, Italy.

Angelo Sudano, founder & CTO of ICan Robotics, Italy.

Domenico Talia, founder and R&D Director of DtoK Labs, Italy.

Shigeo Hirose, Michele Guarnieri, Paulo Debenest, & Nah Kitano, founders, CEO & Directors of HiBot Corporation, Japan.

Andrejs Vasiljevs, founder and CEO of Tilde, Latvia.

Luis Samahí García González, founder & CEO of QOLbotics, Mexico.

Koen Hindriks & Joachim de Greeff, founders, CEO & COO at Interactive Robotics, the Netherlands.

Maja Rudinac, founder and CEO of Robot Care Systems, the Netherlands.

Jaap van Leeuwen, founder and CEO Blue Ocean Robotics Benelux, the Netherlands.

Rob Brouwer, founder and Director of Operatins, Aeronavics, New Zealand.

Philip Solaris, founder and CEO of X-Craf Enterprises, New Zealand.

Dyrkoren Erik, Martin Ludvigsen & Christine Spiten, founders, CEO, CTO & Head of Marketing at BlueEye Robotics, Norway.

Sergii Kornieiev, founder & CEO of BaltRobotics, Poland.

Igor Kuznetsov, founder & CEO of NaviRobot, Russian Federation.

Aleksey Yuzhakov & Oleg Kivokurtsev, founders, CEO & COO of Promobot, Russian Federation.

Junyang Woon, founder & CEO, Infinium Robotics, former Branch Head & Naval Warfare Operations Officer, Singapore.

Jasper Horrell, founder of DeepData, South Africa.

Onno Huyser and Mark van Wyk, founders of FlyH2 Aerospace, South Africa.

Toni Ferrate, founder & CEO of RO-BOTICS, Spain.

José Manuel del Río, founder & CEO of Aisoy Robotics, Spain.

Victor Martin, founder & CEO of Macco Robotics, Spain.

Angel Lis Montesinos, founder & CTO of Neuronalbite, Spain.

Timothy Llewellynn, founder & CEO of nViso, Switzerland.

Francesco Mondada, founder of K-Team, Switzerland.

Jurgen Schmidhuber, Faustino Gomez, Jan Koutník, Jonathan Masci & Bas Steunebrink, founders, President & CEO of Nnaisense, Switzerland.

Satish Ramachandran, founder of AROBOT, United Arab Emirates.

Silas Adekunle, founder & CEO of Reach Robotics, UK.

Steve Allpress, founder & CTO of FiveAI, UK.

John Bishop, founder and Director of Tungsten Centre for Intelligent Data Analytis, UK.

Joel Gibbard and Samantha Payne, founders, CEO & COO of Open Bionics, UK.

Richard Greenhill & Rich Walker, founders & MD of Shadow Robot Company, UK.

Nic Greenway, founder of React AI Ltd (Aiseedo), UK.

Daniel Hulme, founder & CEO of Satalia, UK.

Bradley Kieser, founder & Director of SMS Speedway, UK.

Charlie Muirhead & Tabitha Goldstaub, founders & CEO of CognitionX, UK.

Geoff Pegman, founder & MD of R U Robots, UK.

Demis Hassabis & Mustafa Suleyman, founders, CEO & Head of Applied AI, DeepMind, UK.

Donald Szeto, Thomas Stone & Kenneth Chan, founders, CTO, COO & Head of Engineering of PredictionIO, UK.

Antoine Biondeau, founder & CEO of Sentient Technologies, USA.

Steve Cousins, founder & CEO of Savioke, USA.

Brian Gerkey, founder & CEO of Open Source Robotics, USA.

Ryan Hickman & Soohyun Bae, founders, CEO & CTO of TickTock.AI, USA.

John Hobart, founder & CEO of Coria, USA.

Henry Hu, founder & CEO of Cafe X Technologies, USA.

Zaib Husain, founder & CEO of SparkCognitin, USA.

Alfonso Íñiguez, founder & CEO of Swarm Technology, USA.

Kris Kitchen, founder & Chief Data Scientit at Qieon Research, USA.

Justin Lane, founder of Prospecture Simulation, USA.

Gary Marcus, founder & CEO of Geometric Intelligence (acquired by Uber), USA.

Brian Mingus, founder & CTO of Latently, USA.

Mohammad Musa, founder & CEO at Deepen AI, USA.

Elon Musk, founder, CEO & CTO of SpaceX, co-founder & CEO of Tesla Motor, USA.

Rosanna Myers & Dan Corkum, founders, CEO & CTO of Carbon Robotics, USA.

Erik Nieves, founder & CEO of PlusOne Robotics, USA.

Steve Omohundro, founder & President of Possibility Research, USA.

Jeff Orkin, founder & CEO, Giant Otter Technologies, USA.

Greg Phillips, founder & CEO, ThinkIt Data Solutins, USA.

Dan Reuter, found & CEO of Electric Movement, USA.

Alberto Rizzoli & Simon Edwardsson, founders & CEO of AIPoly, USA.

Dan Rubins, founder & CEO of Legal Robot, USA.

Stuart Russell, founder & VP of Bayesian Logic Inc., USA.

Andrew Schroeder, founder of WeRobotics, USA.

Stanislav Shalunov, founder & CEO of Clostra, USA

Gabe Sibley & Alex Flint, founders, CEO & CPO of Zippy.ai, USA.

Martin Spencer, founder & CEO of GeckoSystems, USA.

Peter Stone, Mark Ring & Satinder Singh, founders, President/COO, CEO & CTO of Cogitai, USA.

Michael Stuart, founder & CEO of Lucid Holdings, USA.

Madhuri Trivedi, founder & CEO of OrangeHC, USA.

Massimiliano Versace, founder, CEO & President, Neurala Inc, USA.

Reza Zadeh, founder & CEO of Matroid, USA.